Willow, Salix alba
By Daniel Fuchs [CC BY-SA 2.5 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons
By Willow [CC BY-SA 2.5 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5)], via Wikimedia Commons
Medicinal Garden information:
Willow bark contains a chemical called salicin that is similar to aspirin. It is used to treat headache, muscle pain and osteoarthritis.
Some species of willow are high in salicin content which is an effective analgesic for osteoarthritis; Salicin seems to inhibit cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 mediated prostaglandin release, thus exhibiting pain relieving and anti-inflammatory effects.Reference link
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