Here are the species for this week!
Scientific name: Anemone canadensis
Anishinabemowin name: Wabesgung
This herbaceous, perennial native (also known as “crowfoot” due to its apparent resemblance to the bird’s distinct foot shape) can be found in moist meadows, thickets, streambanks, and lakeshores in North America.
Fun fact: People indigenous to North America once used this plant as an astringent and as antiseptic for wounds, sores, and nosebleeds.
Scientific name: Prunus serotina
Anishinabemowin name: Sawemin
Black cherry, not to be confused with chokecherry (the leaves of which are smaller and less glossy, chokecherry itself alternatively classified as a shrub), is a woody plant and a pioneer species!
Fun fact: This plant was introduced into Western and Central Europe as an ornamental tree in the mid-1900s, where it is now classified as invasive.
White Baneberry / Doll’s eye
Scientific name: Actaea pachypoda
Anishinabemowin name: Waabokaadaak
This herbaceous perennial produces a tiny white berry with a black dot in the middle which appearance gives it the name “doll’s eye”.
Fun fact: Both the berries and entire plant are extremely toxic to humans! The berries, the most poisonous part of the plant, contain cardiogenic toxins which can lead to cardiac arrest and death. You have been warned!
Scientific name: Aralia nudicaulis
Anishinabemowin name: Kada kuns
This plant, known by many other names (false sarsaparilla, shot bush, small spikenard, wild liquorice, and rabbit root), is sometimes confused with poison ivy, as it sometimes grows with groups of three leaflets.
Fun fact: This particular plant has been used to induce sweat, cleanse the blood, and invigorate. The roots would be brought on long expeditions for indigenous groups to chew on for energy.
Juneberry, or Serviceberry
Scientific name: Amelanchier arborea
Anishinabemowin name: goziwaakominagaawanzh
This tree is native to eastern North America and usually grows 16-40 feet tall.
Fun Fact: The berries of this plant are edible and can be made into pies (the objectively best dessert one can make).